Motor Adaptation Impairment in Chronic Cannabis Users Assessed by a Visuomotor Rotation Task.
J Clin Med. 2019 Jul 18;8(7):
Authors: Herreros I, Miquel L, Blithikioti C, Nuño L, Rubio Ballester B, Grechuta K, Gual A, Balcells-Oliveró M, Verschure P
Background-The cerebellum has been recently suggested as an important player in the addiction brain circuit. Cannabis is one of the most used drugs worldwide, and its long-term effects on the central nervous system are not fully understood. No valid clinical evaluations of cannabis impact on the brain are available today. The cerebellum is expected to be one of the brain structures that are highly affected by prolonged exposure to cannabis, due to its high density in endocannabinoid receptors. We aim to use a motor adaptation paradigm to indirectly assess cerebellar function in chronic cannabis users (CCUs). Methods-We used a visuomotor rotation (VMR) task that probes a putatively-cerebellar implicit motor adaptation process together with the learning and execution of an explicit aiming rule. We conducted a case-control study, recruiting 18 CCUs and 18 age-matched healthy controls. Our main measure was the angular aiming error. Results-Our results show that CCUs have impaired implicit motor adaptation, as they showed a smaller rate of adaptation compared with healthy controls (drift rate: 19.3 +/- 6.8° vs. 27.4 +/- 11.6°; t(26) = -2.1, p = 0.048, Cohen’s d = -0.8, 95% CI = (-1.7, -0.15)). Conclusions-We suggest that a visuomotor rotation task might be the first step towards developing a useful tool for the detection of alterations in implicit learning among cannabis users.
PMID: 31323815 [PubMed]
Source: ncbi 2