An examination of how age of onset for alcohol, cannabis, and tobacco are associated with physical activity, screen time and BMI as students are preparing to graduate from high school.
Prev Med Rep. 2019 Sep;15:100956
Authors: Williams GC, Battista K, Leatherdale ST
Introduction: In this study we examined the co-occurrence of alcohol, cannabis, and tobacco among a large cohort of grade 12 students in Canada, and then explored if the age of initiation of these substances was associated with moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), screen time, and BMI.
Methods: This cross-sectional study used student-level data from grade 12 students in years 1 to 5 (2012-2016) of the COMPASS study. Random intercept linear regression models were used to examine the impact of age of initiation of alcohol, cannabis, and tobacco use on student average daily physical activity, daily screen time and BMI.
Results: Twenty-eight percent of students had only tried one substance with alcohol being the most reported single substance used (25%). The most common co-occurrence was students reporting having tried all three substances (27%). Nineteen percent of students reported no substance use by grade 12.Younger age of first use of alcohol was associated with increased MVPA in grade 12. Earlier initiation of cannabis and tobacco were associated with increased screen time in grade 12. Age of first use of alcohol, cannabis and tobacco were not associated with BMI in grade 12.
Conclusion: While no specific cut-off age was identified this study indicates that for every year tobacco and cannabis use are delayed among children, there are subsequent reductions to screen time in grade 12. Early initiation of alcohol was associated with increased MVPA in grade 12. Early initiation of alcohol, cannabis and tobacco were not associated with BMI in grade 12.
PMID: 31417843 [PubMed]
Source: ncbi 2