Exploratory analysis of genetic variants influencing molecular traits in cerebral cortex of suicide completers.

Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2019 Aug 16;:

Authors: Rodríguez-López ML, Martínez-Magaña JJ, Cabrera-Mendoza B, Genis-Mendoza AD, García-Dolores F, López-Armenta M, Flores G, Vázquez-Roque RA, Nicolini H

Genetic factors have been implicated in suicidal behavior. It has been suggested that one of the roles of genetic factors in suicide could be represented by the effect of genetic variants on gene expression regulation. Alteration in the expression of genes participating in multiple biological systems in the suicidal brain has been demonstrated, so it is imperative to identify genetic variants that could influence gene expression or its regulatory mechanisms. In this study, we integrated DNA methylation, gene expression, and genotype data from the prefrontal cortex of suicides to identify genetic variants that could be factors in the regulation of gene expression, generally called quantitative trait locus (xQTLs). We identify 6,224 methylation quantitative trait loci and 2,239 expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) in the prefrontal cortex of suicide completers. The xQTLs identified influence the expression of genes involved in neurodevelopment and cell organization. Two of the eQTLs identified (rs8065311 and rs1019238) were previously associated with cannabis dependence, highlighting a candidate genetic variant for the increased suicide risk in subjects with substance use disorders. Our findings suggest that genetic variants may regulate gene expression in the prefrontal cortex of suicides through the modulation of promoter and enhancer activity, and to a lesser extent, binding transcription factors.

PMID: 31418530 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: ncbi 2

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