Non-Genetic Factors in Schizophrenia.
Curr Psychiatry Rep. 2019 Sep 14;21(10):100
Authors: Stilo SA, Murray RM
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review recent developments on risk factors in schizophrenia.
RECENT FINDINGS: The way we think about schizophrenia today is profoundly different from the way this illness was seen in the twentieth century. We now know that the etiology of schizophrenia is multifactorial and reflects an interaction between genetic vulnerability and environmental contributors. Environmental risk factors such as pregnancy and birth complications, childhood trauma, migration, social isolation, urbanicity, and substance abuse, alone and in combination, acting at a number of levels over time, influence the individual’s likelihood to develop the disorder. Environmental risk factors together with the identification of a polygenic risk score for schizophrenia, research on gene-environment interaction and environment-environment interaction have hugely increased our knowledge of the disorder.
PMID: 31522306 [PubMed – in process]
Source: ncbi 2