Weaker Memory Performance Exacerbates Stress-Induced Cannabis Craving in Youths’ Daily Lives.
Clin Psychol Sci. 2019 May 03;7(5):1094-1108
Authors: Miranda R, Wemm SE, Treloar Padovano H, Carpenter RW, Emery NN, Gray JC, Mereish EH
Theories of addiction posit that stimuli associated with drug use, including both exteroceptive (e.g., paraphernalia) and interoceptive (e.g., feeling tense or « stressed »), evoke craving and contribute to the pathogenesis of substance misuse. Control over drug cue response and stress is essential for moderating use. Building from laboratory data supporting associations between cue exposure, stress, and craving, this study tested whether these associations generalize to real-world settings and examined whether a well-vetted neurocognitive control capacity, i.e., working memory (WM), moderated associations. Youth (N = 85; 15-24 years) completed baseline and ecological momentary assessments. Cue exposure and participants’ average stress predicted higher craving. Youth with weaker WM experienced stronger craving at higher-stress moments but not when faced with cues. Interactions were present for both previous-moment and same-moment stress. Craving among adolescents with stronger WM was not swayed by momentary stress. Findings suggest stronger WM protects against craving at more stressful moments.
PMID: 31737439 [PubMed]
Source: ncbi 2