Arkansas community’s attitudes toward the regulation of medical cannabis and the pharmacist’s involvement in Arkansas medical cannabis.
J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). 2019 Dec 09;:
Authors: Gladden ME, Hung D, Bhandari NR, Franks AM, Russell L, White L, Fantegrossi WE, Payakachat N
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the attitudes of the Arkansas community toward medical cannabis (MC) regulation and the role of pharmacists in dispensing MC before the product became available and examined whether participants’ demographics (e.g., age, gender) and characteristics (e.g., history of cannabis use) were associated with these attitudes.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.
SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Using social media, a university research registry, and posted flyers, we invited residents of Arkansas to participate in the self-administered online survey study during a 3-month period, February to April, in 2018.
OUTCOME MEASURES: Five questions that inquired about participants’ attitudes toward MC regulation and pharmacists’ roles regarding MC use.
RESULTS: Participants (n = 1343) who completed at least 1 of the 5 questions were included. The majority were aged 40-64 years (52.2%), female (69.1%), and white (88.7%). Most participants reported a history of cannabis use (81.8%) and possession or intention to apply for an MC card (52.9%). Among the conditions approved for MC use, pain (20.3%), arthritis (15.4%), and posttraumatic stress disorder (14.5%) were reported frequently. Likewise, prescription use for mood disorders (46.1%) and pain (37.4%) were also reported. In multivariable regression analyses, participants’ history of cannabis use was associated with a preference for lesser oversight of MC, disagreement with MC being available through a pharmacy only, and disagreement on whether MC should be regulated before it is legalized for recreational use (all P < 0.001). It was also associated with a decrease in agreement that pharmacists are well-trained to improve patient safety (P < 0.001) and counsel patients regarding appropriate MC use (P = 0.032).
CONCLUSION: Participants who had previously used cannabis were in favor of fewer restrictions and negatively perceived pharmacists’ involvement in ensuring appropriate dispensing and MC use. The findings may highlight the need for Arkansas pharmacists to explore alternative ways to promote the safe and proper MC use.
PMID: 31831352 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
Source: ncbi 2