Out-of-state cannabis purchases in the United States.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2019 Dec 23;207:107822
Authors: Wadsworth E, Hammond D
BACKGROUND: Cannabis legalization at the US state level may have implications for cross-border purchases and diversion of legal products. The current study examined the association between out-of-state purchases and 1) cannabis regulations; and 2) the length of time a state has had recreational retail sales.
METHODS: Data come from US respondents who participated in Wave 1 of the International Cannabis Policy Study (ICPS), conducted in August-October 2018. Respondents were aged 16-65 years who had used cannabis in the past 12 months (n = 4320). Respondents were recruited using the Nielsen Consumer Insights Global Panel. Binary logistic regression models examined likelihood of any out-of-state cannabis purchases in the prior year, including differences by cannabis regulations, and time since recreational cannabis retail sales began.
RESULTS: Overall, 15.0 % of US cannabis users had made any out-of-state cannabis purchases in the past 12 months. Respondents in states where recreational cannabis was legal were less likely to make any out-of-state purchases than respondents in states where only medical cannabis was legal (AOR = 0.45, 95 % CI: 0.34-0.60, p < 0.001) and where all cannabis was prohibited (AOR = 0.36, 95 % CI: 0.26-0.50, p < 0.001). Among respondents in ‘legal’ states, a longer history of legal sales was associated with a lower likelihood of out-of-state cannabis purchases (AOR = 0.82, 95 % CI: 0.72-0.93, p = 0.002).
CONCLUSION: The findings demonstrate that consumers in states where recreational cannabis is legal were less likely to purchase cannabis out-of-state than consumers in states where recreational cannabis is not legal. Future research should examine which states people travel to purchase cannabis and why.
PMID: 31911336 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
Source: ncbi 2