[Assessment of mental states at risk of psychotic transition in a sample of young male prisoners in Tunisia].
Encephale. 2020 Feb 12;:
Authors: Fekih-Romdhane F, Labidi A, Ridha R, Cheour M
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of psychotic disorders in a prison population is higher than in the general population. Recent research has shown that early intervention is feasible in prison settings, and that approximately 5% of screened prisoners have met ultra-high-risk (UHR) for psychosis criteria. We aimed to identify the prevalence of the UHR states for developing psychosis in a group of newly incarcerated men in the Jendouba Civil Prison and to analyze the association between UHR states and socio-demographic data and substance use.
METHOD: We carried-out a cross-sectional study among 120 prisoners. Every prisoner was interviewed using the Comprehensive Assessment of At-Risk Mental States (CAARMS). The Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale (SOFAS) was used to assess the participant’s level of functioning.
RESULTS: We found a prevalence of subjects meeting the UHR criteria of 21.3%. UHR subjects had significantly more psychiatric family history (P=0.035), personal history of suicide attempt(s) (0.035) and self-injury (P=0.013) compared to non-UHR subjects. Clinical self-evaluation found significantly more depression and anxiety in the UHR group (P=0.020 and P=0.035, respectively). In addition, social and occupational functioning was significantly more impaired in the UHR group (P=0.007). UHR subjects used significantly more cannabis in lifetime (P=0.015) as well as in the past year (P=0.022) and had a significantly higher frequency of cannabis use (P=0.01) compared to non-UHRs.
CONCLUSION: Prison mental health teams face the challenge of identifying prisoners who need mental health services and providing early care to this vulnerable group; this challenge may offer a unique opportunity for intervention among a population that might not otherwise have had access to it.
PMID: 32061382 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
Source: ncbi 2