Transformation potential of cannabinoids during their passage through engineered water treatment systems: A perspective.
Environ Int. 2020 Feb 18;137:105586
Authors: Apul OG, Rowles LS, Khalid A, Karanfil T, Richardson SD, Saleh NB
Cannabinoids are incipient contaminants with limited literature in the context of water treatment. With increasing positive public opinion toward legalization and their increasing use as a pharmaceutical, cannabinoids are expected to become a critical class of pollutant that requires attention in the water treatment industry. The destructive removal of cannabinoids via chlorination and other oxidation processes used in drinking water and wastewater treatment requires careful investigation, because the oxidation and disinfection byproducts (DBPs) may pose significant risks for public health and the environment. Understanding transformation of cannabinoids is the first step toward the development of management strategies for this emerging class of contaminant in natural and engineered aquatic systems. This perspective reviews the current understanding of cannabinoid occurrence in water and its potential transformation pathways during the passage through drinking water and wastewater treatment systems with chlorination process. The article also aims to identify research gaps on this topic, which demand attention from the environmental science and engineering community.
PMID: 32086082 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]