Translational hurdles with cannabis medicines.
Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2020 Apr 12;:
Authors: Graham M, Lucas CJ, Schneider J, Martin JH, Hall W
PURPOSE: Internationally, there has been widespread medical use of cannabis medicines before rigorous evaluations in randomised controlled trials (RCTs). Some advocates of medicinal use of cannabis argue that real-world evidence (RWE) can be a substitute for or at least supplement evidence from RCTs. We explore the utility, limitations and impact of RWE in the translation of cannabis medicines research into clinical practice using the established literature.
METHODS: A literature search was performed via Embase and Medline using a diverse range of cannabinoid and RWE search terms. The review provides a snapshot of cannabis medicine RWE initiatives from around the world.
RESULTS: Diverse and novel sources of real-world data and RWE include international cannabis registries, surveys, post-marketing data collection and use of electronic or digital health records. The strengths and limitations of using RWE in translational research are highlighted, along with the identification of barriers to RCTs involving cannabis medicines.
CONCLUSIONS: RWE promises to play a significant role in the evaluation of cannabis medicines around the world. When used appropriately RWE may complement RCT data by providing valuable insights into cannabis medicine safety and effectiveness.
TAKE HOME MESSAGES: It is important that real-world evidence (RWE) is used to complement rather than replace randomised controlled trial (RCT) evidence on cannabis medicines. Technological advances have created the opportunity to explore diverse and novel sources of cannabis medicine RWE. Although RWE may be more reflective of real-world clinical practice, it cannot provide conclusive evidence of the safety and efficacy of cannabis medicines. While acknowledging its limitations, RWE may nonetheless provide some guidance on safety and adverse events of cannabis medicines. RWE has already had a significant impact on the regulation of cannabis medicines.
PMID: 32281186 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
Source: ncbi 2