Smoke in the air – Associations between experimentation with cannabis and the use of tobacco and nicotine products among 15-16-year-old school students.
Addict Behav. 2020 Oct 17;:106714
Authors: Raitasalo K, Karjalainen K, Ollila H, Ruokolainen O, Hakkarainen P
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is the most popular illicit drug among adolescents in developed countries, including Finland. The aim of this study was to estimate 1) how cannabis experimentation among Finnish adolescents changed between 2003 and 2019, and 2) whether the associations between cannabis experiments and factors related to it, especially the use of tobacco and nicotine products, changed during the same time period.
METHODS: The analyses are based on the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs data, collected from Finnish adolescents aged 15 to 16 in 2003, 2007, 2011, 2015, and 2019 (N = 20,630).
RESULTS: Experimentation with cannabis among Finnish adolescents has increased since the beginning of our follow-up. At the same time, alcohol use and smoking have decreased markedly, and attitudes toward cannabis use have become more relaxed. The association between smoking and cannabis experimentation has become weaker over time. However, the use of tobacco and nicotine products, especially polytobacco, is still a strong risk factor for experimentation with cannabis. The higher the number of tobacco or nicotine products used, the higher the probability for cannabis experimentation.
CONCLUSIONS: Experimentation with cannabis has previously been concentrated predominantly on adolescents who smoke, but recently non-smokers are increasingly trying cannabis. It is possible that alternative ways of using cannabis may have increased its use. Despite the strict cannabis policy in Finland, its use has increased, which may be an indication that youth cultures and images of different substances play a significant role in adolescents experimenting with cannabis.
PMID: 33139144 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
Source: ncbi 2