First Report of Chaetomium globosum Causing Leaf Blight on Brassica oleracea L. in China.

Plant Dis. 2020 Dec 08;:

Authors: Zhu M, Fang Z, Zhuang M, Zhang Y, Lv H, Ji J, Yang L, Wang Y

Abstract
Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata L.) is widely cultivated in China and be of important economic value. In October 2019, all the plants of cabbage inbred line ‘2358’ cultivated in greenhouses of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (Beijing) were showing symptoms of leaf wilt. It usually took two weeks for the leaves to get completed wilted and the plants gradually died. It was approximately 550 plants affected, and 30 plants were collected and processed as samples. Symptomatic leaves were cut into small pieces (5×5 mm), surface sterilized with 75% ethanol for 30 s, and then sterilized with 8% NaClO for 3 mins, rinsed three times in sterile distilled water, plated on complete medium (CM: 3g Casein Enzymatic Hydrolysate + 3g Casein Acid Hydrolysate + 6g Yeast Extract+10g Sucrose + 15g Agar + 1L dH2O) and incubated at 27℃ for 6 days. Subsequently, the purified culture was obtained by tissue isolation and single-spored on CM. The colony on CM was up to about 50mm and 70mm in diameter after 4 and 7 days, respectively (Supplementary Fig. 2). At the same time, the edge of the colony gradually turned brown. Microscopic observation found that the diameter of the mycelium was about 5 µm (Supplementary Fig. 3). The conidia were transparent white and ovoid-shaped, about 0.3-0.5 µm in diameter (Supplementary Fig. 4). Fungus in liquid CM were spherical with surface hairs (Supplementary Fig. 1), which was consistent with the morphological characteristics of Chaetomium globosum. The rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of isolate ZM2019 was amplified using primers ITS1 (5′-TCCGTAGGTGAACCTGCGG-3′) and ITS4 (5′- TCCTCCGCTTATTGATATGC-3′) (Hong et al. 2013). The amplified product was sequenced and deposited in GenBank. The 573-bp amplicon (GenBank accession no. MN833403) showed a 100% homology to C. globosum isolate CES5 (MN173145). According to the morphological and molecular characterization, the fungus causing leaf blight on ‘2358’ was identified as C. globosum. In order to further distinguish the pathogen species, the β-tubulin (tub2) gene region were amplified using primers T-F (5′-CCCCTGAACTACCCCACC-3′) and T-R (5′-TATTTGACCCGACTGACC-3′) and sequenced. Finally, we further identified this pathogen as C. globosum CBS 148.51 (Wang et al. 2016), according to the blast result of the sequence (GenBank accession no. MW252170) in National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). To confirm the pathogenicity of this fungus, the leaves of 12 healthy seedlings of ‘2358’ were inoculated by spraying 106 conidia/ml suspension and 12 seedlings inoculated with sterile water served as controls. All plants were incubated in a growth chamber maintained at 27℃. Ten days after inoculation, the leaves of all plants became wilted, which were consistent with the symptom in the natural state, while the control plants remained disease-free (Supplementary Fig. 6b and Fig. 6c). Subsequently, C. globosum was isolated from the inoculated seedlings again. The entire process from isolation to inoculation was repeated again and the same results were obtained. Re-isolation of C. globosum and inoculation of the host fulfiled Koch’s postulates. C. globosum has been reported previously to occur on many horticulture plants such as Punica granatum (Guo et al. 2015) and Cannabis sativa (Chaffin et al. 2020); but no brassica species has been reported so far as susceptible to C. globosum. In this sense, this is the first report of leaf blight caused by C. globosum on cabbage in China, in greenhouse condition.

PMID: 33289408 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]


Source: ncbi 2

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