Challenging Assumptions About Race/Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Cigarette Smoking Among Adolescents.
J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2021 Feb 04;:
Authors: Epperson AE, Gonzalez M, Skorek M, Song AV
BACKGROUND: Previous research indicates that differences in cigarette smoking exist among those of different race/ethnicity and varying levels of socioeconomic status. However, most research has examined the influence of these factors separately on cigarette smoking despite their observed covariation. To examine the interaction of race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status on adolescent tobacco use and behaviors, this study tests whether or not the social gradient holds for smoking patterns and perceptions of smoking among African American, American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN), Asian, Hispanic, and White adolescents.
METHODS: Using data from the 2018 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, the sample included African American/Black (Black), American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN), Asian, Hispanic, and White adolescents (N = 12,474), ages 12-17 years old. Measures included race/ethnicity, annual household income, age, gender, cigarette smoking, perceptions of peer use, parental attitudes, and health risks of smoking; logistic regression analyses were conducted.
RESULTS: Findings indicated significant interactions between high income and Black and Hispanic race/ethnicity for having ever smoked a cigarette indicating a difference in comparison to high-income White adolescents (p’s < 0.05). We also found that the interaction between high income and AIAN race/ethnicity for disapproval of peers smoking was significant compared to White adolescents at the same income levels (p < 0.05). No differences were found for smoking health risk perceptions.
CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between race/ethnicity, income, and smoking may be more complex than previously thought with these results having important preventative implications for identification of adolescents who may be most at risk for tobacco use.
PMID: 33543446 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]
Source: ncbi 2