Talanta. 2022 Jan 1;236:122863. doi: 10.1016/j.talanta.2021.122863. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

ABSTRACT

Cannabis is currently one of the most consumed drugs in many countries. Δ⁹-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the principal psychoactive component of this drug and is present in saliva after consumption. This paper reports a novel biomolecule-free electrochemical approach to detect an ultra-low level of THC in saliva using modified electrodes with molecules of the same analyte (THC) that are detected later via square wave voltammetry. The results from this research revealed that the electrodeposition of THC on the working electrode (sensor analyte) could highly enhance the limit of detection by improving the affinity of the THC molecules present in the sample (sample analyte) to the sensing electrode surface. Detailed descriptions about the optimization of the sensor and its performance in simple media, such as PBS, and complex media, such as simulated and real saliva, are provided. This novel and yet simple electrochemical-based sensing strategy allowed for a low limit of detection of 1.6 ng/mL THC in simulated and real saliva, distinguishing concentrations ranging from 2 to 25 ng/mL, making this technology viable for a real-world application such as roadside testing.

PMID:34635245 | DOI:10.1016/j.talanta.2021.122863


Source: ncbi 2

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