J Anal Toxicol. 2022 Mar 10:bkac007. doi: 10.1093/jat/bkac007. Online ahead of print.
Among the abundance of cannabinoids identified in cannabis, the active parent drug, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), and its oxidized metabolite, 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ9-THC (Δ9-THCCOOH), are attractive analytical targets to detect cannabis use. More recently, confirmation of these analytes may be hindered by a related interfering compound. Forensic toxicology laboratories attribute this phenomenon to an increase in cases containing Δ8-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ8-THC) and 11-nor-9-carboxy-Δ8-THC (Δ8-THCCOOH). It is technically challenging to chromatographically resolve and accurately quantify Δ8- and Δ9-THC and THCCOOH in toxicology specimens due to their structural resemblance. This study describes a validated method to resolve and quantify active Δ8-THC and Δ9-THC in blood while qualitatively confirming the inactive metabolites Δ8-THCCOOH and Δ9-THCCOOH in blood and urine. Analytes are extracted and concentrated by solid-phase extraction and analyzed by liquid chromatography electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry, which is amenable to modern toxicology laboratory routine workflows. This procedure offers a clear solution to untangling mixtures of these isomers, particularly in cases where Δ8-THC and its metabolite are the sole or dominant form.
Source: ncbi 2