J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2022 Apr;44(4):407-419.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.jogc.2022.01.012.


OBJECTIVE: To provide health care providers with the best evidence on cannabis use with respect to women’s health. Areas of focus include general patterns of cannabis use as well as safety of use; care for women who use cannabis; stigma; screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment; impact on hormonal regulation; reproductive health, including contraception and fertility; sexual function; effects on perimenopausal and menopausal symptoms; and use in chronic pelvic pain syndromes.

TARGET POPULATION: The target population includes all women currently using or contemplating using cannabis.

OUTCOMES: Open, evidence-informed dialogue about cannabis use, which will lead to improvement in patient care.

BENEFITS, HARMS, AND COSTS: Exploring cannabis use through a trauma-informed approach provides the health care provider and patient with an opportunity to build a strong, collaborative, therapeutic alliance. This alliance empowers women to make informed choices about their own care. It also allows for the diagnosis and possible treatment of cannabis use disorders. Use should not be stigmatized, as stigma leads to poor « partnered care » (i.e., the partnership between the patient and care provider). Multiple side effects of cannabis use may be mistaken for other disorders. Currently, use of cannabis to treat women’s health issues is not covered by public funding; as a result, individual users must pay the direct cost. The indirect costs of cannabis use are unknown. Thus, health care providers and patients must understand the role of cannabis in women’s health issues, so that women can make knowledgeable decisions.

EVIDENCE: PubMed, EMBASE, and grey literature were searched to identify studies of « cannabis use and effect on infertility, contraception, perimenopause and menopausal symptoms, and pelvic pain » published between January 1, 2018 and February 18, 2021. All clinical trials, observational studies, reviews (including systematic reviews and meta-analyses), guidelines, and conference consensus statements were included. Publications were screened for relevance. The search terms were developed using the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms and keywords (and variants), including cannabis, cannabinoids, marijuana, dexanabinol, dronabinol, tetrahydrocannabinol; the specific terms to capture women’s health were estrogen, estradiol, medroxyprogesterone acetate, vaginal contraception, oral contraceptives, fertilization, amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, endometriosis, interstitial cystitis, vulvodynia, and menopause.

VALIDATION METHODS: The authors rated the quality of evidence and strength of recommendations using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach. See online Appendix A (Tables A1 for definitions and A2 for interpretations of strong and weak recommendations).

INTENDED AUDIENCE: All heath care providers who care for women.


PMID:35400519 | DOI:10.1016/j.jogc.2022.01.012

Source: ncbi 2

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