Addict Behav. 2022 Apr 12;131:107336. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2022.107336. Online ahead of print.
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis use patterns among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) have changed recently, with increasing use of non-combustible cannabis products. Little is known about perceived risks or benefits related to non-combustible products (e.g., vaporized and edible cannabis). We examined whether AYAs’ perceived risks and benefits differ across four cannabis products, and by use status.
METHODS: We conducted a survey of 433 California AYAs (Mage = 18.9 years old, 66.5% females) during 2017-2018. We compared a variety of perceived risks and benefits corresponding to short-term and long-term use of each product (combustible, blunt, vaporized, and edible cannabis), and between ever and never users.
RESULTS: Participants perceived combustible cannabis and blunts conferred the greatest risk for short-term (bad cough, trouble catching breath) and long-term (lung disease, oral and lung cancer, and heart attack) health outcomes and short-term social risks (friends upset, getting into trouble). These products were also perceived to have greater short-term and long-term benefits (i.e., reducing mental health problems) than vaporized and edible cannabis. The most common perceived risks were « get into trouble » and « become addicted. » The most common benefits were « feel high or buzzed » and « feel less anxious. » Ever cannabis users perceived less risks and greater benefits related to cannabis use than never users.
CONCLUSIONS: AYAs differentially perceived risks and benefits related to use of four cannabis products. Public health and education efforts should address both perceived and real risks and benefits of specific cannabis products to prevent cannabis use among AYAs.
Source: ncbi 2