Hum Psychopharmacol. 2022 Apr 21:e2844. doi: 10.1002/hup.2844. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVE: To assess: (1) the acute effects of smoked marijuana (MJ) on negative attentional bias (NAB), (2) moderation of these effects by positive versus neutral alternatives, and (3) the associations of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)-induced changes in NAB with changes in affect.
METHODS: Fourteen MJ users (1-4 uses/wk) smoked a THC cigarette on 1 day and a placebo cigarette on the other counterbalanced day. After smoking, participants freely gazed back and forth at a series of two side-by-side pictures pairs presented for 3000 ms (one negative, while the other was either positive or neutral) while eye gaze was tracked.
RESULTS: The effects of THC relative to placebo varied across time such that THC increased NAB during the early temporal component of threatening picture viewing, 333-858 ms after dual-picture onset, regardless of alternative picture valance. However, contrary to the attentional bias-causes affect hypothesis, during the early viewing phase THC-enhanced positive affect (PA) correlated positively with THC-induced NAB. In contrast, during the late phase (891-3000 ms) THC-enhanced PA did not correlate significantly with NAB, though THC-induced negative affect (NA) change did correlate positively with THC-induced change in NAB in the positive alternative condition.
CONCLUSIONS: We replicated findings of others showing that THC can enhance NAB during the early stages of threatening picture viewing. We extended previous results by demonstrating the THC-induced NAB is associated with increased PA during initial threat viewing, but with increased NA during later processing if positive alternatives are present.
Source: ncbi 2