Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2022 Apr 23:S1081-1206(22)00343-X. doi: 10.1016/j.anai.2022.04.021. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Increased cannabis consumption world-wide challenges allergists due to an upsurge in cannabis allergy and need to discuss cannabis with patients.

OBJECTIVE: We determined the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding cannabis amongst allergists and their approach to recognizing and diagnosing suspected cannabis allergy.

METHODS: The International Allergist Canna KAP Survey was completed by members from three International Allergy Societies. Survey questions included: 13 on cannabis attitudes, 7 on cannabis knowledge, and 4 on real-world allergy practices. Knowledge level was dichotomized and SPSS Two-Step cluster analysis grouped participants by attitudes. Multivariate analysis determined the relationship of knowledge and attitude to practice delivery.

RESULTS: Of 570 eligible surveys started, 445 (78.0%) were completed. Participants were 49.7%% female, 80% ages 34-57 years, about 70% in practice for ≥9 years, and 29.0% practicing in an area where cannabis use is illegal. 51% reported consulting on patients with suspected cannabis allergy and 58.1% of respondents had undertaken skin prick testing and/or in vitro cannabis testing. Significant differences were found between the three societies for most variables analyzed. Analysis of attitudes revealed 3 clusters named Traditional, Progressive, and Unsure. Those with more progressive attitudes toward cannabis and who had more knowledge were more comfortable speaking to patients about cannabis, more often asked patients how often and how they used cannabis (all p<0.001).

CONCLUSION: Varying knowledge and attitudes toward cannabis impacting comfort communicating with patients about cannabis were seen in members of three allergy societies supporting the need for more cannabis research and education.

PMID:35472594 | DOI:10.1016/j.anai.2022.04.021


Source: ncbi 2

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