Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2022 Jun 1;65(2):376-387. doi: 10.1097/GRF.0000000000000699. Epub 2022 Mar 11.
Tobacco and marijuana are the most common drugs of abuse among pregnant women. Cigarettes have been extensively studied and increase the risk of miscarriage, preterm birth, premature rupture of membranes, placental dysfunction, low birth rate, stillbirth, and infant mortality. There are sparse data on the specific effects of electronic cigarettes and smokeless tobacco in pregnancy. Literature on marijuana in pregnancy is limited by confounding, bias, and the retrospective nature of studies that do not capture contemporary trends in use. However, several studies suggest an association between marijuana and fetal growth restriction, low birth weight, and neurodevelopmental differences in offspring.
Source: ncbi 2