Gastro Hep Adv. 2022;1(3):403-408. doi: 10.1016/j.gastha.2022.02.004. Epub 2022 Mar 30.


BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Substance use disorder (SUD) commonly associates with alcohol use disorder (AUD), and certain substances have independently been shown to drive liver injury. In this work, we sought to determine if co-existing SUD in patients with AUD associated with the presence of alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD).

METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using the Mass General Brigham Biobank to identify patients based on ICD-10 codes. We performed multivariate analyses accounting for a wide range of demographic and clinical variables to evaluate the association between SUD and ALD. We subsequently used the same method to evaluate the association between SUD and hepatic decompensation.

RESULTS: We identified 2848 patients with a diagnosis of AUD, 9.0% of which had ALD. 25.2% had a history of SUD. In multivariate analyses, patients with SUD were more frequently diagnosed with ALD compared to those without SUD (OR = 1.95, P = 0.001). Furthermore, the number of concurrent SUDs was positively associated with the diagnosis of ALD (OR: 1.33, P < 0.001). Independent of the presence of other SUDs, opioid use disorder in patients with AUD was associated with ALD (OR = 1.902, P = 0.02). In subsequent analyses, we found that sedative use disorder was associated with hepatic decompensation (OR: 2.068, P = 0.03).

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with AUD, SUD, and in particular opioid use disorder, was independently associated with the diagnosis of ALD.

PMID:35474707 | PMC:PMC9038113 | DOI:10.1016/j.gastha.2022.02.004

Source: ncbi 2

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