Cureus. 2022 Mar 27;14(3):e23548. doi: 10.7759/cureus.23548. eCollection 2022 Mar.
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to analyze the trends in substance use among pregnant women in the United States.
METHODOLOGY: In this retrospective study, we utilized the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) dataset sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) under the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP). Major Diagnostic Category (MDC) 14 (Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Puerperium) and International Classification of Disease (ICD 10) codes were used to identify pregnancy-related diagnoses and presentations with any of the substance use disorder (SUD) indicators that met the inclusion criteria among the birthing population in the NIS dataset (2016-2018). We analyzed the demographic and regional characteristics between 2015 and 2018.
RESULTS: Among the population, a total of 23,475 (2.7%) had a primary or secondary diagnosis of SUD, and 851,428 (97.3%) did not. In the study group of 332,275 (2.8%) that met the inclusion criteria, 12,750 (0.1%) use alcohol, 108,960 (0.9%) had opioid use disorder (OUD), 171,490 (1.4%) use cannabis, 6,375 (0.1%) use sedatives, 28,075 (0.2%) use cocaine, 48,765 (0.4%) use other stimulants, 1,155 (0%) use hallucinogens, 115 (0%) use inhalants, and 23,950 (0.2%) had other psychoactive diagnosis. Further analysis comparing the risk of severity and mortality at presentation, procedure type, delivery method, and cost of care shows statistically significant differences (p < 0.005) between the study and control groups.
CONCLUSION: The current trends necessitate a further assessment and implementation of comprehensive community-based treatment programs tailored to the most frequent regional SUD presentations, which could aid in mitigating drug use during pregnancy.
Source: ncbi 2