Illicit substance use after release from prison among formerly incarcerated primary care patients: a cross-sectional study.

montefiore.org.AbstractBACKGROUND: More than 80% of people in jail or prison report having used illicit substances in their lifetimes. After release from incarceration, resumption of substance use carries risks, including parole revocation, exacerbation of mental health conditions, transmission of infectious diseases, and drug overdose. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used baseline data Read more…

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Cannabis money opens new opportunities, and ethical dilemmas, for medical research.

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Identification and Assessment of Drug-User Groups Among Nightlife Attendees: Self-Reports, Breathalyzer-Tests and Oral Fluid Drug Tests.

fhi.no.2Department of Alcohol, Tobacco and Drugs, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.3Department of Forensic Sciences, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.4School of Pharmacy, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.AbstractBACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Even though nightlife studies with potentially intoxicated participants provide the much needed information on drug use, they face additional methodological Read more…

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A trauma-informed substance use and sexual risk reduction intervention for young South African women: a mixed-methods feasibility study.

1.3). A 93% follow-up rate was achieved at the 3-month endpoint. In this single group design, reductions in the proportion of participants who tested positive for methamphetamine, cannabis and methaqualone were observed at the 3-month endpoint. Symptoms of depression, psychological distress and trauma; number of STI symptoms; and number of Read more…

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Substance type moderates the longitudinal association between depression and substance use from pre-treatment through a 1-year follow-up.

unc.edu.AbstractBACKGROUND: Research examining directionality of the relationship between depressive symptoms and substance use following treatment entry is limited. Furthermore, substances differ in their neurobiological effects on mood. The relationship between depression and substance use following treatment entry may be moderated by dependence on specific substances. The study tested (a) lagged Read more…

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Preliminary results from a pilot study examining brain structure in older adult cannabis users and nonusers.

ucsd.edu.2Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, 345 UCB, Boulder, CO, United States.Abstract Exploring associations among cannabis use, brain structure, and cognitive function in older adults offers an opportunity to observe potential harm or benefit of cannabis. This pilot study assessed structural magnetic resonance imaging in older adults Read more…

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Suicidal behavior among substance users: data from the Second Brazilian National Alcohol and Drug Survey (II BNADS).

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Inhibition de ATM kinase régule à la hausse des niveaux de la mort cellulaire induite par le cannabidiol et γ-irradiation dans les cellules de glioblastome humain.

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Le chanvre sauvera-t-il les abeilles ?

Des chercheurs de l’Université du Colorado ont trouvé que le chanvre pouvait constituer une option de nutrition efficace pour les abeilles et ainsi aider à préserver les populations de ces importants pollinisateurs. C’est une découverte écologique cruciale dans le contexte de populations déclinantes d’abeilles dans le monde et les conséquences Read more…

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PDQ Cancer Information Summaries

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