18 years). Children were most likely to unintentionally (98.6%) ingest (97.2%) homemade (35.2%) edibles (64.8%) belonging to a family member (73.2%) and experience sedation (52.1%). Adults were most likely to intentionally (88.6%) ingest (66.4%) retail (40.0%) edibles (48.6%) and experience neuroexcitation (47.1%). Adolescents’ exposures had similarities to both adult and children; they were most likely to intentionally (81.0%) ingest (50.0%) homemade (23.8%) edibles (45.2%) belonging to a friend (47.3%) and to experience either neuroexcitation (42.9%) or sedation (40.5%). Among all ages, tachycardia and neuroexcitation were more likely following inhalation exposures compared to ingestions. Eight subjects were admitted to an intensive care unit, including three patients who were intubated; one subject died. Edibles were the most common products to cause symptoms in all age groups, while concentrated products were more likely to lead to intubation, especially when ingested. Children in particular had a higher likelihood of intensive care unit admission and intubation following exposure to concentrated products.
Neurotoxicity is common after acute cannabis exposures. Children experienced unintentional exposures, particularly within the home and occasionally with major adverse outcomes. Concentrated products such as resins and liquid concentrates were associated with greater toxicity than other cannabis products. These findings may help guide other states during the early retail cannabis legalization period.
Marijuana; cannabis; overdose; poisoning; toxicity
PMID: 30676820 DOI: 10.1080/15563650.2018.1548708 Share Supplemental Content —
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