of Excellence for Geotechnical Science and Engineering, Civil Surveying and Environmental Engineering, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, N.S.W., 2308, Australia.Abstract

Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are a group of environmentally persistent, man-made chemicals used in many industrial products and everyday consumer items. Of the plant proteins trialled, those of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) were found to be far superior for PFAS removal than the next best protein, soy. The use of hemp plant proteins as a possible pump-and-treat solution to PFAS remediation from groundwater has been successfully demonstrated with very good removals (>98%) of the main contaminants of PFOS and PFHxS in approximately 1 h of contact time, with salinity enhancing removal of short chain PFAS. Changes to the secondary structure of hemp proteins was found using FTIR spectroscopy analysis and calculated based on the integrated areas of the amide I component bands. The amount of β-turns increased from

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