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Role of Cannabis in the Incidence of Myocardial Infarction: A Review.

Cureus. 2020 Oct 22;12(10):e11097

Authors: Banerjee A, Gandhi AB, Antony I, Alexander J, Hisbulla M, Kannichamy V, Kaleem I, Mishra V, Khan S

Legalizing cannabis use in various states in the United States has caused increased substance abuse, mostly among young people. There are very little data focussing on marijuana use and myocardial infarction (MI) incidence. The objective of the study is to analyze the published papers for cannabis-induced MI and derive a strong relation between cannabis use and MI and understand the pathophysiology. An online search was conducted in PubMed, Google Scholar, and PubMed Central to find relevant publications examining patients who developed MI due to cannabis use. Out of 32 articles that were identified for this review, 17 are case reports, one is a letter to the editor, eight are observational studies, and six are review articles. Many studies have proposed different mechanisms by which cannabis affects the body. Our study shows that marijuana can precipitate MI even if it is used for the first time. Limited data is available to comment on the mortality of patients after cannabis-induced MI. These findings highlight the necessity for public awareness to prevent the ill-effects of cannabis, especially for teenagers and older people.

PMID: 33240693 [PubMed]

Source: ncbi 2

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