Multi-class pesticide analysis in cannabis oil using coated blade spray and solid-phase microextraction with liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry.
Talanta. 2021 Apr 01;225:122036
Authors: Kasperkiewicz A, Pawliszyn J
The application of solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled to mass spectrometry to provide a high-throughput and cost-effective solution to multi-residue analysis of pesticides in cannabis oil samples has not been extensively explored. In this work, the method development steps for the extraction of an initial target list of 74 pesticides from cannabis oil via SPME for analysis with both LC-MS/MS and coated blade spray (CBS) are presented. The exploration of a washing step to remove adhered oil whilst minimally desorbing extracted analytes along with the implementation of central composited design investigation to examine compound extraction kinetics in the non-polar matrix yielded a workflow that was validated via both instrumental techniques. Of the initial target list, 37 pesticides were found to be suitable for screening or quantitation via CBS with performance validated via LC-MS/MS. The majority of compounds were found to meet the EU SANTE guidelines for analysis (i.e. linearity, precision, accuracy) whilst reaching limits of quantitation below or at Health Canada minimum regulatory limits (majority at 10 ng/mL). Examination of factors contributing to poor quantitation of pesticides via CBS are shared and explored, such as contributing isobaric interference sourced from plant byproducts and carrier oil, and comparison of signal-to-noise values achieved in cannabis oil when compared to the cannabis-free medium-chain triglyceride oil used as a carrier oil to stress the importance of matrix-match method development.
PMID: 33592761 [PubMed – in process]
Source: ncbi 2