Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2021 May 4. doi: 10.1007/s10482-021-01586-8. Online ahead of print.
Protection of crop plants from phytopathogens through endophytic bacteria is a newly emerged area of biocontrol. In this study, endophytic bacteria were isolated from the rhizosphere of Cannabis sativa. Based on initial antimicrobial screening, three (03) bacteria Serratia marcescens MOSEL-w2, Enterobacter cloacae MOSEL-w7, and Paenibacillus MOSEL-w13 were selected. Antimicrobial assays of these selected bacteria against Phytophthora parasitica revealed that E. cloacae MOSEL-w7 and Paenibacillus sp. MOSEL-w13 possessed strong activity against P. parasitica. All these bacterial extracts showed strong inhibition against P. parasitica at different concentrations (4-400 µg mL-1). P. parasitica hyphae treated with ethyl acetate extract of E. cloacae MOSEL-w7 resulted in severe growth abnormalities compared to control. The extracts were further evaluated for in vivo detached-leaf assay against P. parasitica on the wild type tobacco. Application of 1% ethyl acetate bacterial extract of S. marcescens MOSEL-w2, E. cloacae MOSEL-w7, and Paenibacillus sp. MOSEL-w13 reduced P. parasitica induced lesion sizes and lesion frequencies by 60-80%. HPLC based fractions of each extract also showed bioactivity against P. parasitica. A total of 24 compounds were found in the S. marcescens MOSEL-w2, 15 compounds in E. cloacae MOSEL-w7 and 20 compounds found in Paenibacillus sp. MOSEL-w13. LC-MS/MS analyses showed different bioactive compounds in the bacterial extracts such as Cotinine (alkylpyrrolidine), L-tryptophan, L-lysine, L-Dopa, and L-ornithine. These results suggest that S. marcescens MOSEL-w2, E. cloacae MOSEL-w7, and Paenibacillus MOSEL-w13 are a source of bioactive metabolites and could be used in combination with other biocontrol agents, with other modes of action for controlling diseases caused by Phytophthora in crops. They could be a clue for the broad-spectrum biopesticides for agriculturally significant crops.
Source: ncbi 2