Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2021 May 12:S2352-4642(21)00051-1. doi: 10.1016/S2352-4642(21)00051-1. Online ahead of print.
Adolescence and early adulthood are crucial periods of neurodevelopment characterised by functional, structural, and cognitive maturation, which helps prepare young people for adulthood. This systematic review of longitudinal studies aims to delineate neural predictors from neural consequences of cannabis and illicit substance use, as well as investigate the potential for the developing brain (at ages 10-25 years) to recover after damage. Five databases were searched to yield a total of 38 eligible studies, with some assessing multiple outcome techniques, including 22 neuroimaging, two neurophysiological, and 22 neuropsychological findings. High-quality evidence suggested that delayed or irregular neurodevelopment in executive functioning, particularly emotional perception, might predispose young people to higher frequency substance use. There was evidence of functional, structural, and cognitive deficits proceeding substance use, with harm potentially dependent on the frequency of use and recovery potentially dependent on the duration of use. Identifying aberrant neurodevelopment in young people is crucial for preventing substance use-related harm.
Source: ncbi 2