J Addict Med. 2021 Jun 17. doi: 10.1097/ADM.0000000000000889. Online ahead of print.
BACKGROUND: The associations of current and remitted cannabis use disorder (CUD) with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and employment have not been studied, and we aim to address these gaps.
METHODS: The 2012-2013 National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III (NESARC III) surveyed a nationally representative sample of non-institutionalized civilian US adults (≥18 years) (n = 36,309 unweighted). Using DSM-5 criteria, adults with current CUD were compared with those with CUD in remission and no history of CUD on standard measures of the mental and physical component scores of HRQOL and of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) along with employment in the past 12 months. Multivariable-adjusted regression analyses were used to adjust for and examine the role of covariates.
RESULTS: Overall, 2.5% of the study sample, representing 6.0 million adults nationwide, met criteria for current CUD, and 3.7%, representing 8.8 million adults, met the criteria for CUD in remission. Adults with current or past CUD had lower mental HRQOL and QALYs, as compared to adults who never had CUD. However, these differences were no longer significant when adjusted for behavioral co-morbidities and personal histories. Current CUD was associated with lower odds of being employed (Adjusted odds ratio AOR = 0.76; 95% confidence intervals [CI], 0.60-0.96), but CUD in remission with a greater likelihood of employment (Adjusted odds ratio = 1.53; 95% CI, 1.23-1.91), both as compared to those never experiencing CUD.
CONCLUSIONS: Both current CUD and past CUD are adversely associated with HRQOL and current CUD with not being employed; Since CUD associations are not independent of comorbidities, treatment must take a wide-ranging approach.
Source: ncbi 2