J Community Psychol. 2021 Jul 17. doi: 10.1002/jcop.22672. Online ahead of print.
Be Under Your Own Influence (BUYOI) is a previously validated school-based intervention designed to delay adolescent substance use (SU) initiation. This study examined the effectiveness of a culturally-adapted version of BUYOI in delaying SU initiation among reservation-dwelling American Indian (AI) youth. Five reservation-based middle schools participated. Three schools were randomly assigned to receive BUYOI-AI (N = 321), and two schools served as controls (N = 176). Beginning in 7th grade, all participating students completed four assessments over the study period. Discrete time hazard models estimated the effects of BUYOI on students’ risk of initiating alcohol, alcohol intoxication and marijuana before the end of 8th grade. AI students exposed to BUYOI had a lower risk of initiating alcohol use or intoxication, though sex moderated the effect on intoxication. These findings provide preliminary support for the effectiveness of a culturally-adapted version of BUYOI in delaying AI youth’s first-time alcohol use and intoxication.
Source: ncbi 2