J Adolesc Health. 2021 Jul 15:S1054-139X(21)00306-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2021.06.013. Online ahead of print.
PURPOSE: Research demonstrates a strong socioeconomic gradient in health and well-being. However, many studies rely on unidimensional measures of socioeconomic status (SES) (e.g. educational qualifications, household income), and there is often a more limited consideration of how facets of SES combine to impact well-being. This paper develops a multidimensional measure of SES, drawing on family and school-level factors, to provide more nuanced understandings of socioeconomic patterns in adolescent substance use and mental well-being.
METHODS: Data from the Student Health and Wellbeing Survey from Wales, UK was employed. The sample compromised 22,372 students and we used latent class analysis to identify distinct groups using three measures of SES. These classes were then used to estimate mental well-being, internalizing symptoms, and substance use.
RESULTS: The five-class solution offered the best fit. Findings indicated distinct classes of families as follows: « nonworking, » « deprived working families, » « affluent families in deprived schools, » « lower affluence, » and « higher affluence. » There was a clear relationship among the classes and mental well-being, internalizing symptoms, smoking, and cannabis use; alcohol was the exception to this.
CONCLUSIONS: The identification of these classes led to a fuller understanding of the health and well-being effects of SES, showing clearer patterning in health behaviors that often is not captured in research. The implications for adolescent health and well-being are discussed, including considerations for future research.
Source: ncbi 2