J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2021 Jul 17;204:114265. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2021.114265. Online ahead of print.
The paper discusses the matrix effect evoked by oleamide (OLA), a compound frequently found in samples processed and/or stored in lab polypropylene vials or disposable syringes. In the case of many substances a higher response for their samples containing OLA than for net solutions is observed. The analyte signal gain resulting from OLA presence in the examined sample depends on the ratio of OLA concentration to analyte concentration. A characteristic feature of the matrix effect evoked by oleamide is its short duration, which makes the chromatographic data (retention value and signal magnitude of examined compound) repeatable and reproducible. The identified « transient matrix effect » may significantly increase the sensitivity of many analytical procedures employing GC. Evoking the transient matrix effect by means of OLA in the experimental analytical quantitation of cannabidiol in plasma allowed to lower its limit of detection (LOD) by more than 50 %.