J Midwifery Womens Health. 2021 Nov 28. doi: 10.1111/jmwh.13293. Online ahead of print.
With a growing number of states legalizing recreational use, cannabis consumption during pregnancy is increasing. Population-based data and rigorous studies examining the association of cannabis use in pregnancy with perinatal outcomes are limited, but trends include preterm prelabor rupture of membranes, placenta previa, and an increased length of hospital stay. Neonates of pregnant persons who used cannabis during their pregnancy can be at increased risk of low birth weight, preterm birth, neonatal intensive care unit admission, neurocognitive deficits, and infectious and neurologic morbidity and mortality. This state of the science review examines the prevalence of cannabis use in pregnancy, its pharmacodynamics and how that is influenced by pregnancy, and associated adverse perinatal and neonatal outcomes. Implications for health care providers caring for pregnant persons using cannabis, especially in legalized states, are discussed.
Source: ncbi 2