Prev Med Rep. 2022 Mar 1;26:101743. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2022.101743. eCollection 2022 Apr.

ABSTRACT

College students exhibit low levels of physical activity, high levels of sedentary behavior, poor dietary behaviors, sleep problems, high stress, and increased substance use. On-campus resources offering programs to improve college students’ health have been limited during the pandemic. The purpose of this study was to test a brief intervention to improve multiple health behaviors among United States college students. The intervention was a single arm repeated measures study conducted over 12 weeks, utilizing the Behavior Image Model. The intervention involved three components: a survey, a 25-minute wellness specialist consult with a peer health coach, and a 15-minute goal planning session. Follow-up measures were completed at 2-, 6-, and 12-weeks post session to assess changes in wellness behaviors. Linear mixed effects models for repeated measures were used to analyze the association between intervention implementation on within-subject changes in physical activity, sedentary behavior, diet, general health, emotional wellness, and substance use. A total of 121 participants enrolled in the study and 90 (74.4%) completed the health coach session (71% female). At first follow-up, statistically significant increases were observed in vigorous physical activity days/week (coef. = 0.5,95%CI: 0.2,0.9), moderate physical activity days/week (coef. = 0.7, 95%CI: 0.2,1.1), general health (coef. = 4.8,95%CI: 2.1, 7.5), and emotional wellness (coef. = 8.6,95%CI: 5.8, 11.3). Statistically significant decreases in cannabis use (coef. = -2.3,95%CI:-4.1, -0.5) and alcohol consumption (coef. = -2.5,95%CI: -3.7,-1.3) were observed. Many of these changes were sustained at second and third follow-up. This brief wellness intervention shows promise to positively influence multiple health behaviors in college students.

PMID:35242504 | PMC:PMC8885082 | DOI:10.1016/j.pmedr.2022.101743


Source: ncbi 2

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