Eur J Pharmacol. 2022 Mar 16:174836. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2022.174836. Online ahead of print.
Cannabichromene (CBC) and cannabichromenic acid (CBCA) are cannabis constituents currently under evaluation for their therapeutic potential, but their pharmacological properties have not been thoroughly investigated. The most studied ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, ABC subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2) and ABC subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1) limit absorption of substrate drugs in the gut and brain. Moreover, inhibitors of these proteins can lead to clinically significant drug-drug interactions (DDIs). The current study sought to examine whether CBC and CBCA affect ABCB1 and ABCG2 to advance their basic pharmacological characterisation. The plant cannabinoids CBC and CBCA were screened in vitro in a bidirectional transport assay to determine whether they were substrates and/or inhibitors of ABCB1 and ABCG2. Transwells and polarized epithelial Madin-Darby Canine Kidney II (MDCK) cells expressing ABCB1 or ABCG2 were used. Samples were measured using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). CBCA was found to be an ABCB1 substrate, but not an ABCG2 substrate. CBC was not a substrate of either transporter. Neither CBCA nor CBC inhibited ABCB1 transport of prazosin or ABCG2 transport of digoxin. In silico molecular docking suggested CBCA binds ABCB1 in the access tunnel and the central binding pocket. CBC, an agent with anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory and anti-depressant properties, is not a substrate or inhibitor of ABCB1 or ABCG2, which is favourable to its therapeutic development. CBCA is an ABCB1 substrate in vitro which might contribute to its poor absorption. These findings provide important basic pharmacological data to assist the therapeutic development of these cannabis constituents.
Source: ncbi 2