Nordisk Alkohol Nark. 2021 Aug;38(4):377-393. doi: 10.1177/14550725211018602. Epub 2021 Jun 18.
AIM: This article traces recent developments in Danish cannabis policy, by exploring how « cannabis use » is problematised and governed within different co-existing policy areas.
BACKGROUND: Recently, many countries have changed their cannabis policy by introducing medical cannabis and/or by moving toward legalisation or decriminalisation. Researchers have thus argued that traditional notions of cannabis as a singular and coherent object, are being replaced by perspectives that highlight the multiple ontological character of cannabis. At the same time, there is growing recognition that drug policy is not a unitary phenomenon, but rather composed by multiple « policy areas », each defined by particular notions of what constitutes the relevant policy « problem ».
DESIGN: We draw on existing research, government reports, policy papers and media accounts of policy and policing developments.
RESULTS: We demonstrate how Danish cannabis policy is composed of different co-existing framings of cannabis use; as respectively a social problem, a problem of deviance, an organised crime problem, a health- and risk problem and as a medical problem.
CONCLUSION: While the international trend seems to be that law-and-order approaches are increasingly being replaced by more liberal approaches, Denmark, on an overall level, seems to be moving in the opposite direction: Away from a lenient decriminalisation policy and towards more repressive approaches. We conclude that the prominence of discursive framings of cannabis use as a « problem of deviance » and as « a driver of organised crime », has been key to this process.
Source: ncbi 2