Nanomedicine (Lond). 2022 Apr 4. doi: 10.2217/nnm-2021-0458. Online ahead of print.
Background: Nanocarriers loaded with siRNA can be administered intranasally to provide a noninvasive, safe alternative to direct intracerebral or intrathecal infusions. Dual-function nanocarriers can also be designed to deliver several payloads that address different components of the pathological process. Aim: To design and test a hybrid nanocarrier with the capacity to lower Huntington’s Disease gene (HTT) expression and prevent or diminish inflammation. Methods: Novel hybrid nanoparticles were fabricated using a chitosan-based matrix core loaded with siRNA and an outer shell consisting of a lipid composition containing cannabidiol. Results: Incubation of hybrid nanoparticles in mesenchymal stem cell cultures obtained from a YAC128 transgenic mouse modeling Huntington’s disease resulted in effective lowering of mutant HTT gene expression and reduced levels of expression of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6. Conclusion: A novel hybrid nanocarrier system with dual actions is effective in lowering HTT gene expression and attenuating inflammatory processes.