Global Spine J. 2022 Apr 8:21925682221093965. doi: 10.1177/21925682221093965. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to assess whether cannabis use disorder (CUD) patients undergoing primary 1- to 2-level lumbar fusion (1-2LF) for the treatment of degenerative lumbar spine disorders have higher rates of: (1) in-hospital lengths of stay (LOS), (2) medical complications, and (3) healthcare expenditures.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of the MSpine dataset of the PearlDiver claims from January 2007 to March 2018 was performed. Patients with CUD undergoing 1-2LF were queried and matched to a comparison group in a 1:5 ratio by age, sex, and various medical comorbidities yielding 22, 815 patients within the study (CUD = 3805; control = 19 010). Outcomes analyzed included LOS, 90-day medical complications, and costs. A P-value less than .004 was considered significant.

RESULTS: This study found CUD patients undergoing primary 1-2LF experience longer in-hospital LOS (4- vs. 3-days, P < .0001). Additionally, CUD patients were found to have significantly higher frequency and odds-ratios (OR) (31.88 vs. 18.01% OR: 1.41, P < .0001) of adverse events within ninety days following their procedure. CUD patients also had significantly higher day of surgery ($18,946.79 vs. $15,691.02, P < .0001) and 90 days healthcare expenditures ($21,469.01 vs. $19,556.71, P < .0001).

CONCLUSION: Patients with CUD can prepare for increased LOS, complications, and costs following primary 1-2LF. The study can be used to educate these patients of the potential outcomes following their procedure.

PMID:35395920 | DOI:10.1177/21925682221093965


Source: ncbi 2

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