Nanomedicine (Lond). 2022 Apr 19. doi: 10.2217/nnm-2021-0398. Online ahead of print.
Aims: Inhalation of vaping additives has recently been shown to impair respiratory function, leading to e-cigarette or vaping product use associated with lung injuries. This work was designed to understand the impact of additives (vitamin E, vitamin E acetate, tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol) on model lung surfactants. Materials & methods: Lipid monofilms at the air-water interface and Brewster angle microscopy were used to assess the impact of vaping additives on model lung surfactant films. Results & conclusion: The addition of 5 mol % of vaping additives, and even more so mixtures of vitamins and cannabinoids, negatively impacts lipid packing and film stability, induces material loss upon cycling and significantly reduces functionally relevant lipid domains. This range of detrimental effects could affect proper lung function.