J Community Health. 2022 Apr 23. doi: 10.1007/s10900-021-01049-1. Online ahead of print.
As policies legalizing adult cannabis use increase in the United States, understanding and characterizing the proportion of individuals consuming cannabis for medical and nonmedical purposes is important to inform targeted health education efforts. Data came from 7672 adults (> = 18 years) with past month cannabis use who responded to questions about reason for cannabis use on the 2018 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey in 14 states. State and aggregated data were analyzed using weighted frequencies for descriptive analyses, and prevalence ratios were computed to identify demographic and substance use characteristics associated with medical only use or use for both medical and nonmedical reasons (vs. nonmedical use). Overall, 28.6% (95% CI: 26.7, 30.4) of adults who use cannabis reported using cannabis medically, 34.2% (95% CI: 32.3, 36.2) nonmedically, and 37.2% (95% CI: 35.2, 39.2) both medically and nonmedically. Characteristics associated with medical only use (compared with nonmedical only use) included being female; aged > 45 years; out of work, a homemaker, or unable to work; having daily or near daily cannabis use; having past month cigarette use; having no past month alcohol use; self-reporting poor health; and ever having been diagnosed with certain chronic diseases. Medical only use of cannabis is the least prevalent reason for use; use for both medical and nonmedical reasons is the most prevalent. Monitoring reasons for cannabis use can aid states in understanding differences between medical and nonmedical cannabis users, providing context to use patterns, and targeting health education messages to appropriate audiences.
Source: ncbi 2