Evaluating the relationship between industry sponsorship and conflicts of interest among systematic review authors on treatments for cannabis use disorder

Subst Abus. 2022;43(1):1180-1189. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2022.2074598. ABSTRACT Background: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug worldwide. In addition to potential adverse effects, an estimated 9% consistent cannabis users are likely to become dependent and may develop a cannabis use disorder (CUD). Methods: This cross-sectional study developed a search strategy using Read more…

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Recreational cannabis legalization and transitions in cannabis use: findings from a nationally representative longitudinal cohort in the United States

Addiction. 2022 May 26. doi: 10.1111/add.15895. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT AIMS: This study estimated the likelihoods of individuals transitioning to different cannabis use status following recreational cannabis legalization (RCL) in the United States. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a nationally representative longitudinal cohort in the United States. We used propensity Read more…

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U.S. Trends in Age of Cigar Smoking Initiation by Race/Ethnicity and Education

Am J Prev Med. 2022 May 23:S0749-3797(22)00216-1. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2022.04.004. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Younger age of initiating cigar smoking is associated with greater nicotine dependence and current use. Age of initiating cigarette smoking has increased over time, whereas trends in age of initiating cigar smoking remain understudied. These Read more…

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A description of self-medication with cannabis among adults with legal access to cannabis in Quebec, Canada

J Cannabis Res. 2022 May 26;4(1):26. doi: 10.1186/s42238-022-00135-y. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Cannabis is increasingly used for medical purposes, particularly in countries like Canada where cannabis was recently legalized for recreational use. We aimed to assess self-medication with cannabis post-cannabis legalization among adults in the Canadian province of Quebec. METHODS: This is Read more…

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Medical Cannabis Activity Against Inflammation: Active Compounds and Modes of Action

Front Pharmacol. 2022 May 9;13:908198. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2022.908198. eCollection 2022. ABSTRACT Inflammation often develops from acute, chronic, or auto-inflammatory disorders that can lead to compromised organ function. Cannabis (Cannabis sativa) has been used to treat inflammation for millennia, but its use in modern medicine is hampered by a lack of scientific Read more…

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Gambling in Ireland: profile of treatment episodes from a national treatment reporting system

Ir J Psychol Med. 2022 May 26:1-8. doi: 10.1017/ipm.2022.20. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: Globally, problem gambling prevalence is estimated at between 0.1% and 5.8%. Problem gambling can have many negative consequences; including on physical, and psychological health, and social functioning. There is a need to better understand treatment Read more…

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Medical cannabis use by rheumatology patients in routine clinical care: results from The Ontario Best Practices Research Initiative

Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2022 May 23. doi: 10.55563/clinexprheumatol/b85xu5. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: Medical cannabis is often used to alleviate common symptoms in patients with chronic conditions. With cannabis legalisation in Canada and easier access, it is important that rheumatologists understand its potential impact on their practice. Among patients Read more…

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Evaluation of the efficacy and safety of cannabidiol-rich cannabis extract in children with autism spectrum disorder: randomized, double-blind and controlled placebo clinical trial

Trends Psychiatry Psychother. 2022 May 26;44. doi: 10.47626/2237-6089-2021-0396. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Autism Spectrum Disorder is characterized by persistent deficits in social communication, social interaction, and restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior. Some studies have shown that substances derived from Cannabis sativa improve the quality of life of Read more…

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Alcohol use disorder, psychiatric comorbidities, marriage and divorce in a high-risk sample

Psychol Addict Behav. 2022 May 26. doi: 10.1037/adb0000840. Online ahead of print. ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between alcohol use disorder (AUD), its psychiatric comorbidities, and their interactions, with marital outcomes in a diverse high-risk, genetically informative sample. METHOD: Participants included European ancestry (EA; n = 4,045) and African ancestry Read more…

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